10 ways to beat the summer heat

10 ways to beat the summer heat

In the summer, Georgia's temperatures rise and the sun shines, but it's still possible to enjoy all season long.

Use sunscreen daily.

Exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays occurs daily during any outdoor activity. UV rays are harmful all year round, and even on an overcast or cool summer day, you should practice sun safety.

“According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, approximately 80% of sun damage occurs before the age of 18. For us mothers and fathers, sunscreen helps prevent wrinkles, premature aging and skin cancer, which about one-fifth of people will develop during their lives. says Dr. Sarah Lazarus, a pediatric emergency medicine physician at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta. “For little ones — those over 6 months old — using sunscreen helps protect against painful burns and potential skin cancer, including melanoma that can be fatal.”

Swimming, boating, skiing and hiking increase the risk of sunburn, as the sun's rays reflect water, sand and snow, and at higher altitudes, ultraviolet rays also increase.

No matter your skin tone, everyone is at risk for health problems associated with UV rays, including skin cancer, eye cancer, or cataracts. Check out Black Girl Sunscreen for products designed specifically for people of color to protect their skin.

Understand your sun protection factor (SPF).

Sun protection factor (SPF) is a measure of the amount of solar energy required to cause sunburn on protected skin. A higher SPF value means increased protection from sunburn.

“Unfortunately, SPF is not related to the amount of time needed to burn,” Lazarus says. “So, applying two products doesn't give you more time in the sun without burning. The amount of time you can spend outside without burning out also depends on the time of day.

Find the right sunscreen.

“There's a lot of debate about the best sunscreen for your baby,” Lazarus says. “I'm personally a fan of anything with zinc oxide. It's a mineral sunscreen that's hard to apply but stays on well and is the only sunscreen studied by the FDA in infants younger than 6 months.

If you have sensitive skin, you may want to experiment with the sunscreen you buy for your kids. “Many baby sunscreens have fewer added ingredients and fragrances,” says Lazarus.

When shopping, choose a sunscreen that has a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30, is “broad spectrum” to protect children from UVA and UVB rays, and is “water resistant.” Skip the spray bottle, as aerosol sprays can be inhaled, the alcohol ingredients are flammable, and it's difficult to apply sunscreen evenly.

Apply sunscreen 15-30 minutes before going outside and cover all exposed skin areas evenly. Reapply every two hours and after swimming, sweating or drying.

What is the difference between chemical and mineral?

Chemical and mineral sunscreens protect your skin in different ways. “Mineral sunscreens are applied to the top of the skin to block UV rays, like a shield, while chemical sunscreens bind with UV rays, like a sponge. Although small amounts of chemical sunscreens are absorbed into the skin, there is no current evidence that sunscreen is unsafe.

Chemical sunscreens are quick and easy to use, and unlike mineral sunscreens, they do not leave a white film on the skin; However, they may cause skin reactions in some people. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are common ingredients in mineral sunscreens and are generally recognized as safe and effective by the Food and Drug Administration.

Mineral sunscreens are ideal for children, people with sensitive skin, and people with melasma. Unlike chemical sunscreens, they provide immediate protection. Because it is on the top of the skin, it may contribute to acne, is difficult to apply, leaves a white cast on the skin and needs to be applied more frequently than chemical sunscreen.

Wear appropriate items.

“Lightweight, lightweight clothing will help keep your child out of the sun, but it will also make your life easier, so you don't have to chase a stressed-out toddler to apply sunscreen every hour,” says Lazarus. “Ideally, choose clothing with a UV protection factor. Hats should have a large brim that covers the face, and sunglasses should also be UV protective.

Stay out of the sun.

As much as possible, limit your time outside between 10am and 4pm when the rays are strongest.

Children under 6 months old should be kept out of direct sunlight. Keep in mind that babies don't sweat, but to cool them down, consider purchasing a portable fan with an attached water bottle for misting.

“Fans can also be really helpful in keeping the air circulating and moving,” says Dr. Ashley Brouillette, a pediatric sports medicine primary care physician at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta. “For all kids, you want to make sure they get shade and hydration. You don't want to be in an environment that will cause rapid sweating, because you don't want to lose moisture.

drink water.

“Get your kids into the habit of drinking water,” Brouillette says. “Leave a big jug of water in the fridge, so they get used to taking it out as a drink. Give them their own bottle or cup that they'll be excited to drink from. You can also try different flavored water, but make sure it's not too sugary. If they're older, you can stimulate them and make it Reward system: They can't go out and play until they drink water, make sure they get used to drinking water early. If children grow up not drinking water, this can become a difficult habit to get used to. The body and hormones are sensitive to carbohydrates and sugar, and if you get used to them, This changes what your body expects physiologically.

Don't wait until your child feels thirsty to encourage him to drink water. Provide water 30 minutes before activity. Children weighing less than 90 pounds should drink five ounces of water every 20 minutes, and those weighing more than 90 pounds should drink eight ounces every 20 minutes.

Do not give children water.

Babies 6 months and younger get their hydration from breast milk and/or infant formula and should not be offered water, which puts too much pressure on your baby's kidneys. If you are breastfeeding, make sure to drink plenty of water.

“Making sure kids stay cool and don't lose too much heat will be important,” Brouillette says. “Make sure you are nourishing and hydrating at appropriate times for your age.”

Sports drinks are only served in certain situations.

Sometimes, sports drinks and energy drinks are used interchangeably, but these drinks are not the same.

“If your workout is longer than an hour, you should add something that contains some electrolytes, whether that's POWERADE, Pedialyte, or Gatorade,” Brouillette says. “When you sweat, you lose salt and water. Especially if your child is wearing a salty sweater — there's white trim around the sweat stain on the shirt — it's important to make sure the salts are replaced somehow. Because these drinks contain a lot of calories and sugar, they shouldn't An essential source of hydration.

You can also offer foods that contain carbohydrates and electrolytes, such as milk, seed pods, nut butter, bananas, or nuts and cookies.

Children should not drink energy drinks. “In general, we recommend that caffeine intake be limited to people ages 12 to 15,” Brouillette says.

Know the signs of health problems.

Young children are more likely than adults to suffer from heat-related health problems, such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heat stroke. Heat stroke and heat exhaustion need immediate medical attention.

Signs of a heat-related problem:

  • cramps
  • High body temperature
  • Red, hot, dry skin (not sweating)
  • Excessive sweating
  • Pulse speed
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • confusion
  • Unconsciousness
  • pallor

Signs of dehydration:

  • Low energy levels
  • Urinating less frequently
  • Dry mouth
  • Lack of tears when crying
  • Loose stools or decreased bowel movements
  • Extreme emotion
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Sunken eyes
  • Cold hands and feet and discolouration
  • Skin wrinkles

practice what you preach.

Children are more likely to engage in healthy and safe habits if they see adults doing so as well. Make sure to wear protective clothing, use sunscreen regularly, and make it a habit to drink water together.

This article was originally published in the June 2023 issue.

(tags for translation)Summer

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