Heatstroke vs. heat exhaustion: Tips for extreme heat safety

Heatstroke vs. heat exhaustion: Tips for extreme heat safety

There are hundreds of deaths every year in the United States due to excessive heat.

Dangerously high temperatures are hitting the Northeast, Southeast and Southwest.

On Thursday, temperatures could rise to a scorching 106 degrees in Dallas. 97 degrees in Raleigh, North Carolina; 96 in Washington, D.C.; And 94 in New York City.

This weekend, Phoenix is ​​poised to break the record for most 110-degree days in a single year.

Doctors recommend taking excessive heat warnings seriously. There are hundreds of deaths each year in the United States due to excessive heat, according to the CDC WONDER online database, and scientists warn that the actual number of heat-related deaths is likely higher.

Here are tips for staying safe from the heat from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Wear sunscreen

Take precautions to prevent sunburn, which can dehydrate you and affect your ability to cool down.

Use sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher 30 minutes before going outside. Sunscreens labeled “broad spectrum” or “UVA and UVB protection” are best.

Stay hydrated

Drink more fluids, and do not wait until you feel thirsty.

Avoid drinks high in sugar and alcohol, which can cause your body to lose more fluids, and be wary of very cold drinks, which may cause stomach cramps.

Avoiding hot and heavy meals can also reduce overall body temperature.

Limit time outside

Limit exercise during heatwaves and rest often and in shaded areas.

Try to limit your time outside when the weather is cooler, such as early morning and evening.

Check the car

Never leave children in a parked car, even if the windows are open.

Monitor loved ones at risk

Anyone can suffer from heat-related illness at any time, but these people are most at risk:

– Infants and young children
— Obese people
– Those who are 65 years of age or older
– People who get tired while working or exercising
– Those who suffer from heart disease or high blood pressure and those who take certain medications, including depression, insomnia, or poor blood circulation

Pay attention to signs of illness

Symptoms of heatstroke include:
– Body temperature reaches 103 degrees or higher
– Hot, red, dry or clammy skin
– Fast and strong pulse
— headache
– Dizziness
— nausea
— confusion
— Unconsciousness
-He doesn't sweat anymore

Symptoms of heat exhaustion include:
– Excessive sweating
– The skin is cold, pale, and clammy
– Fast and weak pulse
Nausea or vomiting
– Muscle cramps
– Feeling tired or weak
— headache
— Unconsciousness

If someone shows symptoms of heat stroke or heat exhaustion, call 911, move them to a cooler location and use towels to cool them down.

Don't forget your furry friends!

Animals with flat faces, such as pugs, cannot pant as well and are at greater risk of heat stroke. These pets, as well as older and overweight pets, should be kept indoors as much as possible.

(Tags for translation)Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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