Solar Storms: Scientists study solar storms to predict strong solar and geomagnetic storms | Kolkata News

Solar Storms: Scientists study solar storms to predict strong solar and geomagnetic storms |  Kolkata News

KOLKATA: Scientists studying solar activity carefully examine images of the Sun and track space weather data to accurately predict powerful solar and geomagnetic storms that could damage satellites and cause power outages on Earth. A space scientist at the Center of Excellence in Space Science India (CESSI) at IISER Kolkata and a postdoctoral fellow in the Heliophysical Sciences Division at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, currently in Kolkata, said space weather science was in focus as the cycle's peak is set to begin. 11-year solar event this year “CESSI has predicted intense solar activity in 2024-25. This could lead to a spike in solar magnetic storms that could pose a risk to the space environment and satellite technologies,” said the professor of the Department of Physical Sciences at IISER Kolkata. “The challenges may be more serious than in the last five or six years,” CESSI-IISER is India's leading group that makes computer models and data analysis tools for predicting solar activity and the near-space environment, said CESSI chief Dibyendu Nandi on Thursday Sanchita Pal, who graduated from CESSI-IISER Kolkata before pursuing post-doctoral research at the University of Helsinki in Finland, says every time solar storms occur, they emit 100 million times the energy of a volcanic eruption on Earth. “The Earth is protected from space weather by the magnetosphere. It deflects most of the solar material that sweeps past us at a million miles per hour or more. But during the peak of the solar cycle, solar flares form “Coronal mass ejections and solar energetic particles pose a threat to satellites and communications systems and could cause massive disruption to Earth,” he said on Thursday. A space weather event that occurred on September 1, 1859, known as the Carrington Event, generated a wave of space-borne electrical current that led to 100,000 Miles of Telegraph Lines Burned In 1989, a solar flare caused a power outage in Quebec and the shutdown of 1,000 telegraph lines. An entire day, causing GPS errors and severely impacting aircraft communications.

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(tags for translation) Kolkata News

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