State Department of Health issues do’s and don’ts to beat the summer heat | Pune News

State Department of Health issues do’s and don’ts to beat the summer heat |  Pune News

To reduce the health effects of extreme heat, district health officials have been directed to train workers to recognize factors that may increase the risk of heat-related illnesses and signs and symptoms of heat stress.

In a list of do’s and don’ts, the latest advisory issued by the Maharashtra health department this summer guides citizens to recognize the symptoms of heat exhaustion and heatstroke and seek medical attention if they develop symptoms.

It is necessary to closely monitor children and elderly people in the family as they are more vulnerable to heat-related illnesses, Dr Radhakrishna Pawar, Joint Director of Health (Maharashtra), told The Indian Express.

The Ministry of Health advised people to stay hydrated and wear loose clothing made of breathable cotton fabric. She also advised people to drink enough water whenever possible even if one does not feel thirsty, because thirst is not a good indicator of dehydration.

Other tips include carrying drinking water when traveling, using oral rehydration solution (ORS), and drinking homemade drinks such as lemon water, yoghurt and fruit juices with some added salt. She also advised limiting outdoor activities, especially during the hottest parts of the day, and paying attention to local weather forecasts. Citizens were instructed to cover their heads with an umbrella, hat, towel and other traditional head coverings to prevent direct exposure to the sun’s rays and to keep homes cool using curtains, shutters or an awning. Another tip is to keep the windows open at night.

More than 3,000 people will develop heat-related illness in 2023

Pune and Raigad reported the highest number of cases of people with heat-related illnesses in the state last year, according to state health department data.

From March 1 to July 31, 2023, 3,191 people suffered from heat-related illness, while 22 deaths due to heatstroke were confirmed.

Among the incidents of heat-related illness, Raigad reported 412 cases followed by 409 in Pune, 340 in Wardha, 362 in Nagpur, 220 in Nandurbar, 198 in Chandrapur, 190 in Latur, 156 in Thane and 155 in Mumbai. Of the 22 heatstroke deaths, 12 were from Raigad while eight were from Palghar and one was from two other districts. In 2022, there were 797 cases of heat-related illness in Maharashtra and 18 confirmed heatstroke deaths.

In 2024, a total of 13 cases of heatstroke were reported in Maharashtra between 1 and 20 March, with four cases reported in Beed, two in Raigad, and one each in Ahmednagar, Akola, Amravati, Satara, Bhandara, Chandrapur and Dhule. No deaths have been reported so far.

(tags for translation) Pune

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